The Pantanal is one of the largest continuous wetlands in the world and extends over three countries: Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia. In geographical terms, the Pantanal can be divided into two main regions: the northern Pantanal, with access through the State of Mato Grosso, and the southern Pantanal, with access through the State of Mato Grosso do Sul. It is a nomenclature that we try to avoid, because after all, there is only one Pantanal, however in practical terms it facilitates understanding when we talk about logistics.
The Pantanal of Mato Grosso is located in the highest part of the Paraguay River basin and covers an area of approximately 70,000 km². This region is characterized by a higher plain, with a greater presence of cerrados and areas of transition to the Amazon forest. The climate is warmer and wetter, with a rainy season lasting from November to March.
The southern Pantanal is located in the lower part of the Pantanal, also in the Paraguay River basin, and covers an area of approximately 140,000 km². This region is characterized by a lower plain, with a greater presence of fields and areas of transition to the Atlantic Forest. The climate is more temperate with a rainy season that lasts from November to March.
Due to its characteristics and importance, this area was recognized by UNESCO in 2000 as a Biosphere Reserve, for being one of the most exuberant and diverse natural reserves on Earth.
The Paraguay and Cuiabá rivers, as well as their tributaries, run through the Pantanal, forming extensive flooded areas that serve as shelter for many fish, such as the Pintado, Dorado, Pacu, and also other animals, such as alligators. , capybaras, giant otters and many other species of mammals and birds.
There are different land and air access options to the North and South Pantanal.
In the northern Pantanal, the main city of entry is Cuiabá, capital of Mato Grosso. Arriving by plane from anywhere in the country, from here it is possible to travel by car or smaller aircraft to Poconé, Cáceres and Barão de Melgaço.
In the case of the southern Pantanal, Campo Grande, capital of Mato Grosso do Sul, receives flights from all regions of Brazil. From Campo Grande, it is possible to travel by car to the different regions of the southern Pantanal. Likewise, there are several options for regional flights and air taxis that connect the different regions of the Pantanal with nearby cities, such as Bonito, Miranda and Aquidauana.
Although there is only one Pantanal, studies carried out by Embrapa Pantanal identify 11 distinct regions, each with its own soil, vegetation and climate characteristics: Cáceres, Poconé, Barão de Melgaço, Paraguay, Paiaguás, Nhecolândia, Abobral, Aquidauana, Miranda, Nabileque and Porto Murtinho.
About distances and access times to Aymara Lodge:
Leaving Cuiabá: Aymara Lodge is located approximately 130 km away from Marechal Rondon International Airport (CGB), in Cuiabá. Access is via the BR-070 highway to the city of Poconé, where the Transpantaneira begins.
From km 25 of the Transpantaneira, it is another 3 km on a dirt road to the lodge. Travel time varies between 2h and 2h30 depending on road conditions.
It is worth remembering that the conditions of the dirt road on the Transpantaneira can vary greatly according to the time of year, especially during the rainy season, between December and March. Therefore, it is important to check road conditions and the recommendations of specialized companies before planning your trip.
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